Wait, There Are Other Cannibinoids?
Wait, There are Other Cannibinoids?
In our article, Join our Entourage, we introduced you to the term “entourage effect.” To quickly recap: Full Spectrum Profile Hemp Oil (otherwise known as Broad Spectrum Hemp Oil) has an untraceable amount of THC (0.00%) while still containing CBD and other beneficial compounds from the cannabis plant. When a product contains many cannabis compounds, the individual effect of a single cannabinoid will significantly increase- i.e., the “entourage effect. Thus, Full Spectrum Profile Hemp Oil as a whole is greater than the sum of its parts.
So, what are these other compounds? Terpenes (which we discussed in Join our Entourage) and more cannabinoids such as CBC (Cannabichromene), CBG (Cannabigerol,) and CBN (Cannabinol).
Full disclosure: beyond recognizing the entourage effect, the scientific community is not entirely clear on the benefits of these individual cannabinoids... yet! Though the preliminary studies have been very promising, there is still a TON of research that needs to be done. Until then, you can take comfort in accepting that CBD on its own (or any cannabinoid on its own) is basically a waste of money.
In the meantime, here is some interesting information about CBC, CBG, and CBN that might even challenge your base knowledge of CBD and THC!
How many cannabinoids are there? Several, some even say that there are 100+. However, most cannabinoids are present in small amounts, and therefore tricky to detect and study. Though many people think that a cannabinoid is produced by cannabis, that is not entirely true. Cannabis synthesizes (makes) cannabinoid acids that need to be activated (often by heat) to create a cannabinoid. As explained by Leafly, “There are [eight primary] cannabinoid acids that can be produced by cannabis. These are:
CBGA (Cannabigerolic acid)
THCA (Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinolic acid)
CBDA (Cannabidiolic acid)
CBCA (Cannabichromenenic acid)
CBGVA (Cannabigerovarinic acid)
THCVA (Tetrahydrocanabivarinic acid)
CBDVA (Cannabidivarinic acid)
CBCVA (Cannabichromevarinic acid)
CBCA originates from CBGA (cannabigerolic acid). Interestingly, so does CBDA and THCA. Now you might be wondering, “How this is possible since THC is psychoactive and the others are not?” The psychoactive effect of a cannabinoid has nothing to do with where it comes from and everything to do with how it interacts with the endocannabinoid receptors in the body. THC is psychoactive only because it bonds with the CB1 cannabinoid receptor in the brain (thus, intoxicating) whereas the others (for the most part) interact with the CB2 cannabinoid receptor.
As mentioned above, CBGA is the precursor to CBDA, THCA, and CBCA. The conversion from CBGA → CBDA, CBGA → THCA, and CBGA → CBCA takes place during the flowering process. By the time the plant is harvested, there is very little CBGA left. However, some can still be isolated and studied. Furthermore, many hemp strains are yielding more significant amounts of CBGA that marijuana strains.
This one is odd. CBN is formed when THCA is exposed to ultraviolet light and oxygen. This process is called oxidization. You may have heard of oxidization when talking about beer (which creates off-flavors) and wine (breathing the wine!)
Now, is there any information about what these might do? Well, yes! However, as we mentioned above, the research is still in the very early stages, and therefore, we are not going to provide a list of potential false-hope. To date, CBD and THC are the two most abundant and studied cannabinoids. As scientists began to find some extremely beneficial uses for CBD, money was poured into the research leaving other cannabinoids in the dust. However, interest is sparked, and we will soon learn more about CBC, CBG, and CBN! Until then, beyond the entourage effect, do not be lured into purchasing a product that contains these other cannabinoids! If the product is made with Full Spectrum Profile Hemp Oil, it will already contain CBC, CBG, and CBN!
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